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THE A-Z THAT IS AFRICA: CAMEROON

Cameroon, formally known as the Republique du Cameroun is situated in Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria. Its capital is Yaonde and it has 10 regions in total. Camerooon became independent on 1 January 1960 after being formerly a French colony. The head of government, President Paul Biya has been in power since 1982.

Cameroon is home to various ethnic groups i.e Cameroon highlander (31%), Equatorial Bantu (19%), Kirdi (11%), Northwest Bantu (8%), Eastern Nigritic (7%) and other (14%). There are 24 major african languages and both English and French are official languages. Cameroonians mostly practise christianity, with 38% catholics, 28% protestant, 20% muslim and other forms of african religions are practised as well.

Interesting facts:

  • Cameroon was a British, a French as well as a German colony
  • It is home to at least 409 species of mammals and 165 species of birds
  • Cameroon is home to Lake Nyo, the world’s most poisonous lake because of the volcano below it
  • Cameroon was the first African country to reach the quarter-final in the soccer world cup
  • It has the wettest lands on earth with annual rainfall of about 1028cm
  • The Cameroonian flag has a star and three colours (green, red and yellow) representing vegetation, independence and sunshine
  • Cameroon is a Portuguese word
  • The official currency is CFA Franc

People and culture:

Cameroon has a rich and adverse culture and is often nicknamed as Little Africa since geographically it consists of a coastline, mountains, green plains, forests, deserts etc. And this contributes to its cultural diversity. Indigenous languages include Akoose, Gbaya, Fula, Gyele, Koonze, Mundang, Ngiemboon and Vengo language. The sharing of food represent social relationship, hospitality and trust and kin relationships are strong. There is a high degree of social inequality among the Fulani, Grassfielders, Bamilèkè and Bamoun in terms of royalty, nobility, commoners and slaves. The wealthy have concrete houses with high walls, Italian kind of dressing quite contrary to the poor populations. In general women have a lower social status to men but it is important to note that Cameroonian are prominent in higher education and government ministries. Polygyny is common and early marriages were arranged and inheritance of wives is not uncommon.

Cameroonian Cuisine:

Bobolo and Beans

Ndole soup

Fufu and soup

Fried plantain

Cameroonian traditional dressing:


Places of interest:

Amadawa highlands

Yaonde

Kibri beach


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