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The A-Z that is Africa: Botswana

Botswana is a landlocked country in southern Africa that  is bordered by Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa. One of Africa’s most popular and exclusive safari destinations, Botswana is a fascinating world, home to well-known landmarks such as the Okavango Delta, the Kalahari Desert and the Chobe National Park. Well i didn’t want to give you a write up straight from the Internets so i asked Larona Lekgabe to help me out.

What is the History of Botswana and how did the state emerge?

Botswana gained independence in 1966, September 30th from Britain. Before that we were Bechuanaland Protectorate. Basically the British only colonized us because they wanted to protect the Cape to Cairo railway that passed through Botswana. In 1961, three chiefs went to England to see the Queen to ask for our independence and they were Khama III, Sebele I and Bathoen I. In 1965 Botswana held its first democratic elections and the Botswana Democratic Party won. Our first president was Sir Seretse Khama and the first lady Ruth Khama who was British. There main tribes found in Botswana; Bakgatla, Bangwaketse, Balete, Bangwato, Barolong, Batawana, Bakwena, Bakalaka, Baherero, Basubiya, Bayei, Bahambukushu, Batlokwa, Basarwa, Batswapong and Bakgalagadi. The capital city is Gaborone situated in the south of the country. Our official language is English but Setswana is our native language. However, The history of Botswana starts more than 100,000 years ago, when the first humans inhabited the region. The original inhabitants of southern Africa were the Bushmen (San) and Khoi peoples. Both speak Khoisan languages and lived as hunter-gatherers.
Official country name:The Republic of Botswana
Capital: Gaborone
President: Seretse Khama Ian Khama
Major languages: English (official), Setswana
Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs
Ethnic groups: 79% Tswana, 11% Kalanga, 3% Basarwa, 3% Kgalagadi, 3% White,1% others
Currency: Pula
Natural resources: copper, coal, nickel, beef, textiles, silver and salt.
What consists of Setswana Cuisine?
Seswaa (stewed meat)
 
Mopane worms
Madombi (dumplings)
Traditional customs and dressing:
Bojale le Bogwera (initiation schools) used to be a big part of culture but now only a few tribes still practice it.
Bogadi is bride price and is a marriage custom that is also practiced.
The traditional Mogagolwane blanket
The Khoisan
Beautiful Tswana wedding dress
What are some of the major tourist attractions in Botswana?
The tourism industry is one of our major exports, second only to diamonds. The major national parks and game reserves are Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR), Khutse Game Reserve, Chobe National Park, Moremi Game Reserve, Nxai Pan National Park and Mokolodi Game Reserve. Our other tourist attractions include Makgadikgadi Salt Pans, Okavango Delta (declared a world heritage site in 2014), sand dunes in Tsabong, Tsodilo Hills.
We are famous for the Big 5 animals: Rhino, Elephant, Lion, buffalo and leopard.
Makgadikgadi Salt Pans
Okavango Delta
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