Although most people continue to live as citizens of a single nation, they are culturally, materially, and psychologically engaged with the lives of people in other countries as never before. Distant events often have an immediate and significant impact, blurring the boundaries of our personal worlds. Items common to our everyday lives—such as the clothes we wear, the food we eat, and the cars we drive—are the products of globalization. As we speak we our hearts are heavy and sore due to the effects of tropical storm Dineo that has juts decimated Mozambique and parts of Zimbabwe and moving fast into the South African Zulu nation.
Globalization has both negative and positive aspects. Among the negative aspects are the rapid spread of diseases, illicit drugs, crime, terrorism, and uncontrolled migration. Among globalization’s benefits are a sharing of basic knowledge, technology, investments, resources, and ethical values.
So what are the major benefits of Globalization?
As many as they are, I will choose to dwell and expand on the issue of COMMUNICATION and JOBS SECURITY.
Many a people blame technology for incessant loss of jobs and income, true as it may seem on the surface, Technology has helped economies treble of quadruple their GDPs exponentially. Just take a good look at China, Japan and Korea…not DPRK. The turnover of technology companies like Huawei, Samsung, Apple and many more are far way above those of our beloved motherland states. So where are we losing it?
I am a firm believer that POLICIES are causing more job loses than Technology and it is indeed not fair to apportion all the blame on Technology as the sole culprit for decline in numbers of employment. Remember when Pick n Pay supermarket in Cape Town introduced self-help digital tills? The outcry from labor movements in South Africa was so loud but wait a minute such technology has been going on for years in New Zealand, Australia and the Americas but take a look at their unemployment figures…
As for communication, I am certain that we need no initiation to the advantages and beauty of the technological advances. Most experts attribute globalization to improvements in communication, transportation, and information technologies. For example, not only currencies, but also stocks, bonds, and other financial assets can be traded around the clock and around the world due to innovations in communication and information processing. A three-minute telephone call from New York City to London in 1930 cost more than $300 (in year 2000 prices), making instant communication very expensive. Today the cost is insignificant.
Advances in communication and information technologies have helped slash the cost of processing business orders by well over 90 percent. Using a computer to do banking on the Internet, for example, costs the banking industry pennies per transaction instead of dollars by traditional methods. Over the last third of the 20th century the real cost of computer processing power fell by 35 percent on average each year. Vast amounts of information can be processed, shared, and stored on a disk or a computer chip, and the cost is continually declining. People can be almost anywhere and remain in instant communication with their employers, customers, or families 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, or 24/7 as it has come to be known. When people in the United States call a helpline or make an airline reservation, they may be connected to someone in Mumbai (Bombay), India, who has been trained to speak English with an American accent. Other English speakers around the world prepare tax returns for U.S. companies, evaluate insurance claims, and attempt to collect overdue bills by telephone from thousands of kilometers and a number of time zones away. In case you have been wondering at the growth of call centers mainly in South Africa and the sub Saharan region. In fact this call Centre business is not expensive to start as compared to manufacturing and mining. Thus in actual fact was deemed to be a billion dollar business that could alleviate unemployment and surely improve quality of life of many a household…and then someone says Technology is bad!
Advances in communications instantly unite people around the globe. For example, communications satellites allow global television broadcasts to bring news of faraway events, such as wars and national disasters as well as sports and other forms of entertainment. The Internet, the cell phone, and the fax machine permit instantaneous communication. The World Wide Web and computers that store vast amounts of data allow instant access to information exceeding that of any library.
Improvements in transportation are also part of globalization. The world becomes smaller due to next-day delivery by jet airplane. Even slow, oceangoing vessels have streamlined transportation and lowered costs due to innovations such as containerized shipping…
Transportation will be dealt with in the next column.
Author: Divine Prince Mulenga Chinyemba
CCNA:CCNP: CCI; CCA: MCITP:MCSA:MCSE:MCT:ITIL
Married to Carol Wire , Father to a lovely girl named Laken Madalitso Chinyemba
Been a Specialist IT Trainer for CISCO and Microsoft Technologies for the past 8 Years