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The A-Z that is Africa: Angola

Meet Angola, one of Africa’s major oil producer, diamonds, hydroelectric potential, as well as rich agricultural land. Situated on the western coast of Southern Africa,Angola is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in west, Namibia in south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (former Zaire) in north, and Zambia in the east.

Official Name: República de Angola (Republic of Angola)

Country Calling Code: +244

Capital city:
Luanda

Type of government: Republic.

Independence: 11 November 1975 (from Portugal).

President: José Eduardo dos Santos (1979-present)

Ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mixed racial 2%

Religions:
Christians 88%, indigenous beliefs.

Languages: Portuguese (official), Ovimbundu, Kimbundu, Bakongo, and others.

History and background of the country:

Angola derives its name from the Bantu kingdom of Ndongo, whose name for its king is ngola. the Middle Ages what is now Angola was organized into kingdoms. The people lived by agriculture. Craftsmen made things of metal and pottery.  Explored by the Portuguese navigator Diego Cão in 1482, Angola became a link in trade with India and Southeast Asia. Later on it became the source of slaves for Portugal’s New World colony of Brazil until slave trade was banned then they were forced to work in plantations. Guerilla war broke out in 1961 and Angola became independent on 11 November 1975 but civil war continued on and off until 2002 which left a bit devastated but Angola has been growing strongly ever since.

Agricultural products: Bananas, sugarcane, coffee, corn, cotton, manioc (tapioca), tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock;  fish.

Population: 24,4 million (2014 census)

Natural resources: Petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar etc

Exports: Commodities: crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, minerals, coffee, sisal etc

Exports partners: China 43.8%, India9.6%, US 7.7%, Spain 6.2%, South Africa4.8%, France 4.4% (2015)

Currency: Kwanza (AOA)

Angolian dishes:

Arroz Integral com Mantiega de Amendoim e Bananas 

Muamba de galinha

Greens with vegitables and peanuts (kisamvu)


Angolan traditional dressing:
The traditional attire is made of clothing constructed from skins of animals and handwoven cotton. During festivals, men apply tattoos to show what their status is in the society.  Angolans express their artistic sense by creating beautiful hairstyles and headdresses including braids and pay close attention to the accessories they wear with their clothing.

Angolan morden fashion:

Tourist attractions/places of interest in Angola:

The Skeleton Coast is the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean coast of Namibia and south of Angola from the Kunene River south to the Swakop River.

Kalandula Falls

Bay of Luanda

Among many other interesting places like Miradouro da Lua,Fortaleza de Sao Miguel, Sangano Beach , National Slavery Museum, Ship’s cemetary etc

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